Dallas Optometrist

Myopia ControlDallas, TX

Myopia is one of the most common types of vision problems around the world. This condition negatively affects a person’s ability to see things that are further away. Myopia optometry can help. As a myopia optometrist, we can help to treat the main issue and provide symptoms relief to help enhance the patient’s vision.

Myopia optometry is available at Pear Eyewear in Dallas and the surrounding area. When it comes to the five senses, vision is arguably the most important. We can help preserve yours. Call us today at 469-393-0464 to schedule an appointment or learn more about our services.

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Understanding Myopia

Also known as nearsightedness, myopia is a condition in which the eyeball is too long or the cornea (the eye’s protective outer layer) is too curved. As a result, the light that enters the eye cannot focus correctly. Instead of focusing directly on the retina, the images focus in front of the retina — causing a refractive error (or blurred vision).

There are three main types of myopia: simple myopia, high myopia, and degenerative myopia. Simple myopia is a common condition where an otherwise healthy eye is at 6.0 or less diopters. High myopia is a more severe form of myopia that causes excessive eyeball growth, elongating it from front to back. Degenerative myopia, also known as pathological or malignant myopia, is a rare, hereditary condition that expedites the process of eyeball lengthening and typically causes severe myopia by the teenage or early adult years.

Causes of Myopia

Myopia is primarily a matter of eye structure. There are two parts of the eye that focus images: the cornea and the lens. Ideally, both of these focusing elements should have a perfectly smooth curvature. They should also bend all incoming light, creating a focused image directly on the retina (or the back of the eye).

However, as mentioned earlier, those with myopia have eyeballs that are too long or corneas that are too curved. Consequently, any light coming into the eye will not stop on the retina but in front of it. As of yet, scientists do not know the exact cause of myopia. Nevertheless, those with one or more myopic parents, who spend little time outdoors, or do much work requiring up-close concentration seem to be more at risk than their counterparts.

When to See a Myopia Optometrist

All vision problems require immediate attention, lest they worsen over time. Additionally, experts recommend that everyone go in for regular eye exams according to their needs. As such, patients should seek out the help of a myopia optometrist as soon as they suspect they may be suffering from the condition. Although it is mainly characterized by blurry vision, other signs and symptoms may include headaches, squinting, and tired eyes.

Untreated myopia can reduce a person’s overall quality of life, as limited vision can detract from one’s ability to enjoy and safely perform various day-to-day activities. It may also cause undue eye strain, which can worsen the condition and cause headaches. Furthermore, untreated high myopia and degenerative myopia may lead to more severe eye issues. Our myopia optometrist can help determine the best course of action for each patient’s unique situation.

Diagnosing Myopia

According to the American Optometric Association, several procedures may be necessary to determine the extent of one’s myopia. Our myopia optometrist can measure how the patient’s eyes focus light. The myopia optometrist will then use these results to determine the power of any corrective lenses the patient may need. Standard testing procedures include identifying letters on a distance chart to measure visual acuity.

Phoropters, retinoscopes, and automated instruments may also be used to determine the eyes’ focusing powers. Depending on the device, our myopia optometrist may refine the power based on the patient’s responses. This allows us to find the best, most clear lenses for each patient. The tests may be conducted with or without using eye drops, depending on the patient’s abilities.

Call Us Today

If you have myopia, you may feel held back from living your best life. We at Pear Eyewear can help. Call us today at 469-393-0464 to schedule an appointment or learn more about our services.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can I prevent myopia in my child?

As mentioned earlier, your child may be at risk of progressive myopia if you or the other parent have a family history of myopia, particularly if such cases are associated with an early age of onset. Spending little time outdoors and too much time doing up-close work may also increase your child’s risk of developing myopia. Luckily, some treatment options have been shown to reduce the rate of progression. These treatments include prescription bifocals or contact lenses, eye drops, and more.

What kind of complications are associated with high myopia and degenerative myopia?

High myopia and degenerative myopia both increase a patient’s risk of developing more severe vision problems in the future. Patients with high myopia have a higher chance of having cataracts, glaucoma, or a detached retina. Patients with degenerative myopia are also at risk of having glaucoma and a detached retina. However, they may also be prone to choroid neovascularization (or abnormal blood vessel growth in the eye).

Is it normal for my prescription to be a negative number?

Yes, this is normal for persons with myopia. Stronger prescriptions are associated with more negative numbers. For instance, a person with a -4.50 prescription is more myopic than a person with a -2.00 prescription.

Does myopia get better over time?

Since myopia is a hereditary condition, it usually starts in childhood. Though certain treatments can help slow the progression of myopia, your eyes will usually stop changing after your teenage years. However, this is not always the case — especially as myopia continues to grow more prevalent all across the country. You should always see a myopia optometrist if you notice any significant vision changes and undergo an eye exam every year.

Is it normal to develop myopia in adulthood?

It is not as common to develop myopia in adulthood than childhood, but it does happen. Typically, this is due to visual stress or overuse of the eye’s focusing mechanism. It may also be associated with other health issues, like diabetes or cataracts. A myopia optometrist can help determine and manage your condition.